How are concussions diagnosed?
Dr. Bottiglieri: Injured athlete reporting of symptoms remains the most important factor in diagnosing concussion. Routine brain imaging will not detect a concussion, but CT scans and MRIs may be obtained to check for complications such as brain hemorrhages and skull fractures. Therefore, unless there are outward signs, we rely on self-reporting and testing. This is difficult as it relies on children, youth and highly motivated college or professional athletes to report injuries during practices and competitions. can lead to conflict for individuals who may be reluctant to admit that they have been injured. A trusted health care partner or physician for a sports program is essential for accurate decision-making and timing of return to play.
Dr. Noble: The worst-case scenario is to report no symptoms and suffer another head injury before the brain has healed. If you hit your head again, a new brain injury could be much more serious. They must have a doctor’s clearance to play before returning to the sport.
What should I do to recover from a concussion?
Dr. Bottiglieri: If you have been diagnosed with a concussion, activities that require concentration, such as reading, writing, and working at a computer, should be restricted for the first few days after the concussion, or if you feel fine and do not cause aggravation. must be done only. symptoms. You want to give your brain time to heal, much like a pitcher gives his arm a rest if he sprains his elbow. Especially for young athletes, because being away from friends, family and everyday life can be upsetting.
Exercise is also key to recovery. Gradual introduction of exercise is therapeutic and promotes healing. After a day or two of rest, when concussion symptoms begin to subside, you can do light cardio. Should be discontinued if symptoms worsen. But once he can do 15 minutes on a brisk walk or exercise bike, more intense training can be gradually introduced. There may be other injuries that occur with a concussion, such as whiplash (sprained neck), for which physical therapy may be recommended.
Is it safe to sleep after a concussion?
Dr. Noble: There’s a myth that you shouldn’t sleep after a concussion. A key issue is that it’s important to be able to observe someone for a few hours after having a concussion. It is a life-threatening head hemorrhage. So if someone appears to fall asleep immediately after being on the sidelines, or if they appear tired and unwell within the first hour of the concussion, stay awake until you see a medical professional. must be set to
Dr. Bottiglieri: Sleep is one of the most important parts of therapy. It is restorative, regenerative, and one of the key things to emphasize in concussion treatment. It is important to emphasize to athletes that they need to focus on recovery over time.