Sleep disorders are a category of medical conditions that make it difficult to sleep well on a regular basis. Sleep disorders are becoming more common around the world, whether the cause is medical conditions or excessive stress.
Most people have occasional sleep problems as a result of stress, busy schedules, and other external influences. It may indicate a problem.
What types of sleep disorders are there?
Lack of motivation to fall asleep or stay asleep is called insomnia. Fatigue, anxiety, stress hormone levels, and digestive problems can all play a role. It could also be an unintended result of something else.
Insomnia can negatively impact your overall health and quality of life, resulting in:
- weight gain
- Negative impact on work or school performance.
Sleep apnea is defined by the cessation and onset of breathing during sleep. This is a serious medical condition that causes the body to consume less oxygen. It can also cause you to wake up during the night.
There are two types:
- obstructive sleep apneaobstructed airflow due to an obscured or too narrow airway, and
- central sleep apnea It is caused by a breakdown in the link between the brain and the muscles that control breathing.
restless leg syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by an overwhelming desire to move your legs. This craving is sometimes followed by tingling in the legs. These symptoms can occur during the day, but are most common at night.
RLS is often associated with medical conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Parkinson’s disease, but the exact cause is not always known.
Narcolepsy is distinguished by “sleep attacks” that occur while a person is awake. This means that you are very tired and fall asleep unexpectedly.
This disorder can also cause sleep paralysis, the inability to physically move immediately after waking up.
Symptoms of sleep disorders
The degree and type of sleep disturbance affect symptoms. It may also be different if the sleep disturbance is caused by another condition.
However, common sleep disorder symptoms include:
- Have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
- fatigue during the day
- strange breathing patterns
- Abnormal or unpleasant urges to move while sleeping
- weight gain
Causes of sleep disturbance
In addition to disorders, various conditions and illnesses can cause sleep disturbances. Sleep disturbances are often the result of more serious health problems.
allergies and breathing difficulties
Allergies, colds, and upper respiratory infections can make it difficult to sleep.
Nocturia or increased urination may wake you up at night and disturb your sleep. Hormonal imbalances and urinary tract disease can contribute to the development of this condition.
Constant pain makes it difficult to fall asleep. It can wake you up even after you have fallen asleep. Below are some of the most common causes of long-term pain.
- chronic fatigue syndrome
Treatment of sleep disorders
Treatment for sleep disorders depends on their type and underlying cause. But it’s usually a combination of medical procedures and dietary changes.
Each of the following treatments can be used to treat sleep disorders:
- sleeping pills
- supplements containing melatonin
- medicine for allergies and colds
- medicines to treat underlying health problems
- Respiratory or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
- Mouthguard (usually for grinding teeth)
Lifestyle changes, especially when combined with therapy, can significantly improve sleep quality. Consider the following points:
- Include more vegetables and fish in your diet and limit your sugar intake
- Establish and adhere to a regular sleep schedule
- Reduce your water intake before bed
- Limit caffeine consumption, especially in the late afternoon or early evening
- reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption
Sleep disturbances can be very disturbing, so you probably want to alleviate them immediately.
However, by following your treatment plan and staying in regular contact with your doctor, you can find ways to improve your sleep.