Reviving hope-giving words may assist to cultivate happiness and boost wellbeing, composes Sara Pons-Sanz
Lexicographer and television character Susie Dent recently embarked on a curious, self-appointed mission. She is determined to bring the word “respair”, last used around 1525, back into common usage.
Words fall out of usage for all sorts of reasons. Some are ousted by words with similar significances. We no longer utilize the Old English verb niman but have actually rather adopted the Viking equivalent, “take”.
There is a direct relationship between a language and the society that utilizes it. Our needs, beliefs and history are basic principles that shape language. Lexicographers have actually revealed that the pandemic has led to a surge of new words and expressions, including “Blursday” and “covidiot”.
To her mind, the English language has something of a cynical bent. It tends to maintain the negativity of different words, however not their more positive equivalents.
Given the unpredictability and worries Covid-19 continues to inflict, we might take Dents lead and seek out further words to restore in order to raise peoples spirits. Here are 5 terms tape-recorded in the Oxford English Dictionary which are linked, in different ways, with the importance of appreciating and liking oneself, one another and life in basic.
The English language has progressed to have a downhearted bent, according to some lexicographers. Image: Ben White
Others represent a concept, an item or a stylistic trend that has lost its significance. “Butter” and its alternative, “butteris”, were utilized to describe a tool for trimming the hooves of a horse before shoeing, which is not something many individuals do any longer.
1. Adamate: to love very much
Amare is also represented by the French word amant, which means “lover” and is now mainly used in English in connection with adulterous relationships. While it is hard to develop exactly why “adamate” did not become popular, the more negative associations of the French loan may have contributed.
This verb is formed on the root of the Latin verb amare, which implies “to enjoy”. There is proof of its usage by dramatists in the 17th century.
2. Autometry: self-measurement, self-estimation
The pandemic has actually resulted in an explosion of brand-new words. Image: Joshua Hoehne
Southey might have really coined the word himself. He apparently used it about 50 years earlier than anyone else, and in keeping with his belief in the significance of the specific and, for this reason, of justice and equality. At a time when we are all so concerned about how we are perceived by others, frequently through our social networks accounts, we d succeed to practise autometry in Southeys sense more frequently.
Although still utilized in mathematics, in connection with measuring the dimensions of something, I am interested here in a single use of “autometry” by the poet Robert Southey. In his 1829 book, Colloquies on the Progress and Prospects of Society, which information fictional conversations between the author and the social thinker Thomas More, Southey uses “autometry” to describe the significance of ones own judgement: “You judge of others by yourselves,” he composes, “and therefore measure them by an incorrect basic whenever your autometry is false.”
3. Biophilia: love of life
” Biophilia”, by contrast, has remained fairly limited to technical discussions in psychoanalysis. Its literal significance– the love of life– suggests a more comprehensive human need or desire to link with nature and living things.
This word is most likely best referred to as the title of Icelandic vocalist Björks seventh studio album. “Biophilia” and its equivalent “necrophilia” were created in the 19th century as technical terms in psychology. The popularity of the term “necrophilia” and its increasing association with deviant sexual practices have actually been improved by a variety of high-profile criminal cases.
4. Collachrymate: to weep together
Covid has actually obviously seen physical proximity badly limited. In this context, this verb, which represents a physical expression of sympathy, is particularly resonant.
Words matter, not least because they help us understand our emotions. Image: Seven Shooter
Others believed that these terms prevented understanding and that English might rely on its own words to express similar significances. Why say latrate (the Latin word which describes the noise a dog makes) when you could just say bark?
” Adamate” and “collachrymate” are two examples of words obtained straight from Latin (respectively, adamare and collacrimari) or coined on the basis of Latin roots during the 17th and 16th centuries in an effort to increase the expressiveness and charm of English.
5. Mesology: the science of accomplishing joy
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Bentham was especially thinking about establishing how social organizations could help as many individuals as possible to achieve joy. Some of his recommendations are as problematic as they are impracticable (for example, how can you compute amounts of joy?), picturing mesology in todays school curriculum along with biology is an interesting proposal.
Sara Pons-Sanz is a speaker at the School of English, Communication and Philosophy at Cardiff University.
We likewise discover the term earlier, around 1830, in the works of the English theorist Jeremy Bentham, in what may well be a circumstances of an advertisement hoc coinage. He defines “mesology” as the scientific enquiry or branch of logic that handles the methods of achieving joy.
This noun has actually been in usage in scientific texts given that completion of the 19th century. It probably comes from the French word, mésologie, which refers to the study of the relationship between an organism and its environment.
The words we use can assist us establish how we think about and understand our feelings. Breathing new life into hope-giving words might help to cultivate joy and a sense of wellness.
Main image: Ben White
Others believed that these terms prevented understanding and that English could rely on its own words to express similar significances. The words we utilize can help us establish how we believe about and comprehend our feelings. Breathing brand-new life into hope-giving words might assist to cultivate joy and a sense of health and wellbeing.
Words fall out of use for all sorts of reasons. Lexicographers have actually revealed that the pandemic has led to an explosion of brand-new words and expressions, consisting of “Blursday” and “covidiot”.